What to do:
There are a variety of methods to prompt students. These include: (Taken and adapted from here.)
|Gesture prompts||Nonverbal prompts
– pointing, head nods, hand motions, smiling,
-Specific verbal prompts
-Nonspecific verbal prompts
|You can not do it, yet!
-Turn the page. Keep going. Ask a friend?
-How do we keep the story going?
|Prerecorded auditory prompts||Sound bytes
-Words, symbols, signs
-Match to sample
|Picture schedule of the events of the day
-Picture and word instructions for a task
-Six pencils= the number 6
|Model prompts||Peer demonstrates turning a page
Teacher demonstrates using a paper towel to dry hands
|Physical assistance to complete a skill
-A tap to the elbow to encourage a choice for lunch
-Hand over hand assistance for writing the first letter of name
|Mixed prompts||Pointing to the response options and repeating the comprehension question|
When offering non verbal written prompts, Scaffolding can support learning/completion of an activity. However, sometimes, I feel using simpler prompts such as…
Yesterday at 6pm…
This time last year…
So, then my mother said…
A list of adjectives/verbs etc –
She smelt like…
Cartoon boxes/speech bubbles
These type of prompts can provide useful generic, non subject specific prompts.
You could start by getting students to simply speak through their answers after allowing them some planning/thinking time.
Providing these prompts somewhere simply such as in the corner of your whiteboard/presentation can help both with writing and speaking correctly.
Provide more exam related writing prompts. Try this +literacylender . Pic of the Day writing prompts here.
Or use this website for general writing prompts.